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Arthritis

Arthritis

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is broadly defined as the inflammation of joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. While there are many different types of arthritis, the two most common are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Osteoarthritis:
    • Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage, or cushion, between your joints wears away over time. While osteoarthritis can affect almost any joint, it is most commonly found in the hands, knees, hips, lower back and neck.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis:
    • Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes the lining of your joints to swell. This can cause joint pain among other symptoms, and if left untreated can result in bone erosion and joint deformity.

How can arthritis be treated?

Arthritis treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and improving the functionality of the joints. Treatment can include one or a combination of the following:

  • Medications
  • Joint injections
  • Physical therapy
  • Surgery

To find a full list of orthopedic services offered in your area, please contact your local orthopedic clinic. UT Health Orthopedic Institute offers six clinic locations across the region, making care easy and convenient.